The Mediterranean diet encourages the consumption of a wide variety of colorful fruits and vegetables, which are rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.
Olive oil is the primary source of fat in the Mediterranean diet, providing monounsaturated fats that promote heart health.
Whole grains like quinoa, brown rice, and whole wheat bread are staples in the Mediterranean diet, offering fiber and nutrients.
Beans, lentils, and chickpeas are excellent sources of protein and fiber, making them an essential part of this diet.
Almonds, walnuts, and flaxseeds provide healthy fats and are perfect for snacking.
Fish, especially fatty fish like salmon and mackerel, are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which are beneficial for heart health.
Red meat is consumed sparingly in the Mediterranean diet, with the focus on leaner sources of protein.
Flavorful herbs and spices like basil, oregano, and garlic are used abundantly in Mediterranean cuisine, reducing the need for added salt.
In moderation, red wine is often enjoyed with meals in the Mediterranean diet.